/ Resources / Business Loans Articles / How Do I Qualify for a Business Loan?

How Do I Qualify for a Business Loan?


Starting a new business or expanding an existing one often requires capital and securing a business loan can be a viable solution. However, obtaining a business loan Is a process that requires some time and effort.

Lenders typically assess many factors before granting loans, such as creditworthiness, financial history, and business plans. In this guide, we’ll explore some of the important  steps and factors that can help you qualify for a business loan and increase your chances of securing the necessary funding for your entrepreneurial endeavors. 

Learn more about Business Loans at Norway Savings

How do you qualify for a business loan?

Consider the following:

Qualifying for a business loan begins with maintaining a good credit score, understanding the types of business loans available to you, and developing a solid business plan. But that’s not all — Qualifying for a business loan requires submission of a signed business loan application and additional supporting information (typically including financial statements, tax returns, etc.).  The required information helps lenders understand your business and financing needs. It also helps them determine your business cash flows and ability to repay.  

Here are some of the components that will help you qualify for a business loan:

Understand the Types of Business Loans 

Before diving into the qualification process, it’s important to understand the various types of business loans available. The options include traditional bank loans, agency or government guaranteed loans (Small Business Administration, Finance Authority of Maine, or Rural Development, for example) loans, lines of credit, equipment financing, and more. Each type of loan has its own requirements and purposes, so it’s important to select the one that aligns with your business needs and objectives.

To learn more about types of business loans, check out How Do Business Loans Work?

Maintain a Good Credit Score

Your personal and business credit scores play a significant role in determining your loan eligibility. Because business loans will likely require the personal guaranty of the business owner(s), lenders review credit scores to evaluate your creditworthiness and assess the risk associated with lending you money. To improve your chances of qualifying for a business loan, ensure you have a good credit score by paying bills on time, reducing existing debts, and correcting any errors on your credit report.

Establish a Solid Business Plan

To increase your chances of qualifying for a new business loan, it’s essential to develop a comprehensive and well-structured business plan. This plan should outline your business goals, market analysis, competitive landscape, financial projections, and repayment strategies. A robust business plan demonstrates your commitment, understanding, and preparedness to potential lenders.  Help preparing business plans can be obtained online or from various business development centers including SCORE (affiliated with the Small Business Association).

Gather Financial Documents 

For existing businesses, lenders will require a variety of financial documents to assess your business’s financial health and viability. These documents may include tax returns, balance sheets, profit and loss statements, bank statements, and cash flow projections. Ensure you have these documents organized and up-to-date to provide lenders with the necessary information to evaluate your loan application.

Determine Collateral and Down Payment

Most business loans  require collateral, which serves as a security measure for lenders. Collateral can include real estate, inventory, or equipment. Additionally, lenders may expect a down payment, which demonstrates your commitment to the loan and reduces the risk for the lender. It’s important to have a clear understanding of collateral requirements and be prepared to provide the necessary assets or funds.

Commit to Your Business and build Relationships with Lenders

Attend networking events, industry conferences, and business meetings to connect with lenders who specialize in small business financing. Demonstrating your commitment to your business and being knowledgeable about your industry can help lenders become more comfortable with your experience, knowledge and ability to succeed and repay a business loan.

Review and Improve Cash Flow

Lenders are interested in your ability to generate consistent cash flow to repay the loan. They want to ensure that your business has sufficient income to cover loan payments. Therefore, it’s important to review your cash flow and identify areas where you can improve. This may involve implementing measures to increase sales, reduce expenses, or optimize your business operations.

Minimize Existing Debt

Lenders consider your existing debt when evaluating your loan application. If you already have substantial debt, it may negatively impact your ability to borrower more. Make efforts to minimize existing debt by paying off outstanding balances and consolidating high-interest debts. Demonstrating healthy debt-to-income and other financial ratios will enhance your chances of qualifying for a business loan.

Seek Professional Advice

Navigating the business loan qualification process can be complex, and seeking professional advice can provide valuable insights. Consider consulting with accountants, financial advisors, or business consultants who can guide you through the process, review your financial documents, and offer recommendations for improving your loan eligibility.

Putting it all together

Qualifying for a business loan requires careful preparation, organization, and an understanding of the lender’s requirements. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can improve your chances of  securing the necessary capital for your entrepreneurial aspirations. 

Norway Savings Bank—Business Banking that starts with you

At Norway Savings, we have the privilege of working alongside business owners from start-ups to national expansions. We’re right there with you as you take that first step—and every step afterwards—to listen, strategize, celebrate and advocate. Our lenders have a broad range of experiences and can offer valuable insight and recommendations as you embark on a new path to build or expand your business. If it’s important to you, then it’s important to us. Check out Business Banking or let’s talk.